Maroon Town

Jamaican Caving Notes

South Trelawny
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Puskurrunkus Cave
(Possible JU listing as Southfield Cave)
June 11, 2006 - 15:00-15:30 EST
Team: RS Stewart, IC Conolley, J Pauel, M Taylor

District: Duanvale

Parish: Trelawny

WGS84 L/L: 18 24 27.4 N; 77 35 31.1 W

JAD69: 187340 E, 194927 N

JAD2001: 687451 E, 695216 N

Altitude: 195m WGS84

Accuracy: +/- 10m horizontal; +/- 15m vertical

Type: Complex shelter cave

Accessibility: Walk-in

Depth: N/A

Length: 12m

Explorers: Unknown

Survey: None

Entrance size: 5m W x 3m H

Entrance aspect: 180 deg true

Vegetation in general locale: Farm

Vegetation at entrance: Farm

Rock type: White limestone

Bedding: Poor

Jointing: Poor

Speleothems: Stals

Palaeo resources: None seen

Archaeo resources: Reserved

Hydrology: Dry

Siltation: N/A

Dark zone: 0%.

Climate: Warm, dry.

Bats: <50

Bat guano: Little

Guano mining: Some

Guano condition: Dry/compact

Eleutherodactylus cundalli: None

Neoditomyia farri: None

Amblypygids: None

Periplaneta americana: None

Cave crickets: None

Sesarma: None

Other species: None. This site has no true dark-zone. It is an occasional roost for Artibeus jamaicensis (large fruit-bats).

Visitation: Frequent - local.

Speleothem damage: None

Graffiti: Some

Garbage: None

Ownership: Private

Protection: None

Vulnerability: Low

Puskurrunkus Cave
June 11, 2006 - 15:00-15:30 EST
Notes: RS Stewart

Puskurrunkus is a small cave formed in a hill to the north of the Duanvale-Kinloss road. The hike required to reach it from the closest minor road is only about 30 metres, on slightly upward-sloping ground. There is no true dark-zone in the cave, so we have assigned the type as “complex shelter”, the “complex” noting that there is a light-hole opening on the north side of the cave, along with the main entrance on the south.

Biological activity is restricted to occasional use by low numbers of the common fruit-bat, A. jamaicensis. Surprisingly, we did not observe any of the cave-breeding frogs, E. cundalli, although it would seem to be suitable habitat for them. We suspect that they do use the cave at times, but happened to be absent during our visit.

There is graffiti on the walls of the cave, but we saw no damage to formations.

As with several other of the other sites in the district, there appears to be archaeo potential (a possible glyph was observed).

The lack of a true dark-zone results in this cave not being biologically vulnerable to occasional visitation; there are no trog species; the bat numbers are lower than what some people have in their attics, and made up of the species that is the least threatened in Jamaica.

Southfield Cave is listed in Alan Fincham’s work, Jamaica Underground, to be in the general area, but there is no specific information given. We quote: “Duanvale area. Type: Unknown: (page 337, second edition).

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